The Constitution of independent India boldly declares equal rights and equal justice to both men and women. But as the socio-economic infrastructure and the economic class division remained unchanged, the women are often found to be the victims of injustice and inequality.
Not only in our country, but throughout the third world, the course of social development is often being haulted by this inequality. The third world countries were asked to take measures to fight this inequality keeping in mind the status and rights of women in these countries. In our country too, women came forward demanding planned measures by the government for welfare and development. In 1972, under the leadership of Dr. Phulrenu Guha, Committee on the status of Women in India was formed to examine and analyse the position of women in different strata of the society and their problems. One of the recommendations of this committee was to form a Women Commission at the national level with authoritative power. It also recommended the formation of a special cell for the development of the women. As recommended by the committee, few planned measure were taken and a few acts were introduced, a few were reformed. Unfortunately no initiatives were taken for the formation of the National Women Commission. At the same time the necessity for such a commission was being felt at a crisis level. The demand could not be kept aside for long. Ultimately a Women Commission at the national level was formed and formation of such commissions in the states was also recommended. Accordingly, on 22ond June, 1992, West Bengal Commission for Women act was introduced to the West Bengal Assembly and it was passes unanimously. The commission had its first meeting on 3rd February, 1993.